4d printing

Functgraph: 3D Printer, Please Make Me a Sandwich

Talk about 4D printing! Researchers from Meiji University in Japan, Yuto Kuroki and Keita Watanabe, have developed a unique system for 3D printing and then assembling and operating a variety of…

Researchers Draw 4D Objects with Pens

One of the beauties of 3D printing pens, like the 3Doodler, is that they lower the barrier to entry of 3D printing even further. Many desktop printers are pretty simple…

Morphing 3D Printer Nozzle Developed for Carbon Fiber 3D Printing

Researchers at the University of Maryland (UMD) have developed a shape-changing 3D printer nozzle meant to tackle a particular method for 3D printing fiber composites. The nozzle is able to…

Natural Fiber Biocomposites in 3D & 4D Printing: A Review

In an article published in the journal of Materials & Design, titled “A review of 3D and 4D printing of natural fiber biocomposites,” researchers review the fascinating evolution of natural materials and…

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4 Ways Ceramic 3D Printing Technologies Are Paving the Way for the Future

Ceramic 3D printing has always been a popular application of additive manufacturing, yet still on the relative margins when compared to thermoplastics or metals. Naturally, metals and plastics are quite…

Advances in 3D Printing Tiny Things: PμSL for Multi-Scale, Multi-Material Structures

Focusing in on more complex, high-resolution digital fabrication, a team of scientists has come together to review projection micro stereolithography (PμSL) 3D printing technologies, releasing the details of their study…

Researchers 4D Print Chitosan Polymer Hydrogels

Authors Jeong Wook Seo, Su Ryon Shin, Yeon Joo Park, and Jojae Bae share the findings of their recent study in ‘Hydrogel Production Platform with Dynamic Movement Using Photo-Crosslinkable/Temperature Reversible…

Rice University Researchers Develop a New 4D Printing Method to Create Shapeshifting Materials

Researchers at Rice University‘s Brown School of Engineering created a new method to 3D print objects that can be manipulated to take on alternate forms when exposed to changes in…

4DTexture: Holistic Computational Design for 3D Surfaces

Researchers from both the US and China are taking digital fabrication and texture in materials to the next level, releasing the findings of their study in the recently published ‘4D…

UK Researchers: Single-Droplet Resolution for 3D Printed Functional Synthetic Tissues

Researchers from the UK have completed a unique study in 3D printed networks, releasing their findings in the recently published ‘Controlled packing and single-droplet resolution of 3D-printed functional synthetic tissues.’…

University of Auckland: Growth-Induced Bending of 3D Printed Samples Based on PET-RAFT Polymerization

4D printed objects are 3D printed objects made with smart materials that respond to environmental stimuli, like liquid and heat, or return to an original form after deformation. Researchers from…

International Research Yields New Concepts for Control-Based 4D Printing in Adaptive Systems

Researchers from Australia and the UK are venturing beyond the already complex level of 3D design, releasing the findings of their recent study in ‘Control-Based 4D Printing: Adaptive 4D-Printed Systems.’…

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST): Multicolor 4D Printing of Shape-Memory Polymers

Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) take 3D printing to the next level, releasing findings from their study in the recently published ‘Multicolor 4D printing of…

Zhejiang University Researchers 4D Print Modular Structures

Researchers from the College of Chemical and Biological Engineering at Zhejiang University have been exploring an even more complex realm of digital fabrication, releasing their findings in ‘Modular 4D Printing via…

4D Printed Structures to Impact Many Industries in the Future

Researchers from Libya are doing more than just delving past the limits of 3D printing and into 4D printing—they are investigating a full revolution in digital fabrication where structures can…

Nanoscale 4D Printing Technique Recreates Cell Surfaces: Polymer Brush Hypersurface Photolithography

While 3D printing is helping humanity in creating some of the most perplexing constructs we could ever imagine, researchers are now delving into the intricate technology of 4D printing to…

Customized FDM 4D Printing for Metastructures with Variable Bandgap Regions

International researchers are moving to the next level in digital fabrication, publishing their findings in ‘Shape-Adaptive Metastructures with Variable Bandgap Regions by 4D Printing.’ Focusing on how 4D metastructures can…

Bangladesh: Brac University Student Centers Thesis Around 3D, 4D & Even 5D Printing in Medicine

Fatema Tuz Zohra Moonmoon has submitted a thesis, ‘Possibilities of 3D & 4D printing technologies for personalized medicine’ to Brac University, exploring the ways digital fabrication may continue to impact…

FDM 4D Printing: Energy Absorbing Tunable Meta-Sandwiches Created

International researchers are taking advantage of the next level beyond 3D printing to produce novel materials and structures, as outlined in the recently published ‘Reversible energy absorbing meta-sandwiches by FDM…

Biomimetic 4D printed Autonomous Scale & Flap Structures: Pine Cones as Inspiration  

Researchers from Canada and Germany walk that fine line from the 3D into the 4D, sharing their findings in ‘4D pine scale: biomimetic 4D printed autonomous scale and flap structures…

Korea’s Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology: Exploring 3D & 4D Printing in Optics & Beyond

“Abundant new opportunities exist for exploration.” Korean researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology are exploring more complex digital fabrication—and on two different levels, outlined in the…

Korea: 4D Printed Anisotropic Thermal Deformation

In the recently published ‘4D printing using anisotropic thermal deformation of 3D-printed thermoplastic parts,’ researchers Bona Goo, Chae-Hui Hong, Keun Park—all from Seoul National University of Science and Technology—are taking…

4D Printing in Singapore: Researchers Pair Compliant Mechanisms with Chitosan Biopolymers

Researchers continue to reach from the 3D realm to the next level, seeking to master the comprehensive fabrication of 4D structures. Now, a team of scientists from Singapore is exploring…

Robotics Manufacturing at the Next Level with 4D Printed Soft Robotics

Authors Ali Zolfagharian, Akif Kaynak, and Abbas Kouzani explore the growing science of soft robotics, outlining their findings in the recently published ‘Closed-loop 4D-printed soft robots.’ Emphasizing how fast this…