4d printing

Thermoplastic Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials in 4D Printing

In ‘Thermoplastic Fiber Reinforced Composite Material Characterization and Precise Finite Element Analysis for 4D Printing,’ researchers are delving further into the next dimension. And while the 3D realm is barely…

Kyushu University: 4D Printing Magnetic Soft Actuators

Japanese researchers from Kyushu University have created a 4D printer for magnetic soft actuators, outlining their research in the recently published paper ‘Bio-Mimic Motion of 3D-Printed Gel Structures Dispersed with…

3D & 4D DLP Printing with Functionally Graded Materials

In ‘Grayscale digital light processing 3D printing for highly functionally graded materials,’ Chinese researchers make it clear that 3D printing has a long way to go for producing excellence in…

Penn State: 4D Printing with Wood Composites for Architectural Applications

In ‘Designing for Shape Change: A Case study on 3D Printing Composite Materials for Responsive Architectures,’ Elena Vazquez, Benay Gursoy, and Jose Duarte present details on customizing parts to optimize…

Indonesian Researchers 4D Print Spacers for Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MI-TLIF)

Researchers at Universitas Indonesia are investigating the potential of 4D printed spacers for spinal surgeries, outlining their recent, published findings in ‘Modelling the shape memory properties of 4D printed polylactic…

Exceptional Metamaterials Are Reconfigurable & Deployable Through 4D Printing

3D printing may allow for infinite innovation in design and production, but some designers, engineers, and researchers feel constricted by the fixed qualities—leading them to expand with 4D printing and…

China: Origami Used to Strengthen 4D Metamaterials Resulting in a Tunable Miura-ori Tube

Chinese researchers explore not only the inspiration of origami designs and structures in science and technology today, but also the uses of 4D printing in a range of industrial applications….

Imperial College of London: 4D Printing with Multi-Metals on the Desktop

3D printing involves countless different types of hardware, software, and materials. It is the perfect medium for continual experimentation—even into a different and more unknown realm like 4D. And once…

Machine Learning & Bioprinting: Researchers Improve Drop-on-Demand (DOD) Methods

As bioprinting continues to pick up steam in labs around the world, researchers still study the process intensively to build on current techniques and innovation. In ‘Multi-Objective Optimization Design through…

Berkeley Researchers Studying Progress & Challenges in 4D Printing

While 3D printing allows for many users to create complex geometries not before possible, 4D printing does that and more with materials and textures that respond to their environment and…

Rutgers Engineers 4D Printing Smart Metamaterials for Industrial Applications

Engineers at Rutgers University–New Brunswick are advancing beyond the realm of 3D printing, now fabricating smart materials in 4D that will transform as needed, according to their environment. Such structures…

Interview with Nicole Hone who uses 4D Printing to Make Tangible Animation

A unique vision of underwater plants could pave the way for new film experiences. The film industry is going into new places with 3D printing, such as with the Black Panther’s…

Valentines Special! Researchers in India Explore 3D Printing Heart Valves

The heart is central to keeping you alive, pumping blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout your body—and eliminating waste too. Disease of this central organ is also one of the leading…

UV Assisted Direct Ink Writing of 3D Printed and “4D Printed” Shape Memory Epoxy Parts

The magic of 3D printing has touched most of us in some way by now, as schools in many countries are establishing programs, libraries offer makerspaces for patrons, and designers…

Portuguese Researchers Review Potential of 4D Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine

3D printing has been progressing rapid-speed over the past few years, with numerous forays to the next level into 4D printing, whether in serious world-changing endeavors or those that are…

German Researcher Creates 3D Printed Placenta Disks

Did you know that the placenta, connecting a baby to its mother, is an organ? Anna-Elizabeth Kreuder reminds us of this in a recent Ted Talk, while also explaining that…

UK Researchers Develop Responsive Cellulose-Based Ink for 4D Printing

We’ve seen the results of 3D printing research about responsive materials, but what about with 4D printing, where 3D printed objects can move and change shape of their own volition? A…

Study of 4D Printing Uses Grayscale to Create Reversible Shape Change in Photopolymers

Photopolymerization is a process that uses light to combine monomer molecules to create a polymer. It’s the basis of 3D printing, and in a dissertation called “Constitutive Modeling of Photopolymerization…

3D Printing News Briefs: August 21, 2018

We’ve got plenty of business news for you in today’s 3D Printing News Briefs, and a little scientific research as well. Kelyniam Global has acquired new 3D printing technology, while…

ETH Zurich Researchers Develop 4D Printed Load-Bearing Polymer Structures

There are numerous issues involved with transporting things into space, one being that some of them are just too big and bulky. One solution is to make those items small…

MIT’s Self-Assembly Lab Hints at the Future of 4D Design in Pneumatic Objects

MIT provides a place for brilliant minds to develop in each other’s company and, not surprisingly, fascinating developments in design and technology are produced there as a result. One of…

Collaborative Project Focuses on Development of Advanced Materials for 3D Printing and 4D Printing

Brightlands Materials Center is a research and development center focused on polymeric materials, or plastics. Plastic isn’t exactly what most people think of when imagining a sustainable future, but Brightlands is…

BMW Concept Car Draws from 3D & 4D, Redesigning Luxury Seats & Safety Mechanisms

So many 3D printed innovations still leave us shaking our heads in amazement. We are continually wowed not only by the resourcefulness of engineers and makers around the world, but…

Research Team Takes Advantage of Common FFF 3D Printing Defect to 4D Print Plastic Self-Folding Objects

A lot of research has been undertaken regarding 3D printed self-folding structures and 3D printed items that can self-assemble, but a team from Carnegie Mellon University is changing things up in the…