4D Printing in China: Shape Memory Polymers and Continuous Carbon Fiber

Share this Article

Researchers have been looking further into the benefits of shape memory polymers (SMPs) with the addition of raw materials in the form of continuous carbon fiber (CCF). Authors Xinxin Shen, Baoxian Jia, Hanxing Zhao, Xing Yang, and Zhengxian Liu have studied mechanical properties in composite samples, along with performance—outlining details in the recently published ‘Study on 3D printing process of continuous carbon fiber reinforced shape memory polymer composites.’

SMPs are a ‘hotspot in academic research’ today as scientists embrace a growing fascination with materials that can deform and return to their natural state as required by users. Refining SMPs continues also, especially with materials like carbon fibers for overcoming challenges regarding strength and stiffness. While continuous fibers have been shown to be more effective than short fibers, the authors point out that forming processes are complex, and better ways are needed for creating continuous carbon fiber-reinforced composites. Here, they turn to FDM 3D printing as a solution:

“The composite 3D printer was mainly composed of motion platform, printing nozzle, fiber feeding mechanism and control system,” stated the researchers. “Compared with conventional printers, the nozzle of this printer can feed resin and fiber from two channels simultaneously and extrude them from the same nozzle.”

Printing principle of continuous carbon fiber reinforced SMP composites.

“In addition, the fiber feeding mechanism was designed to continuously feed the fiber at a suitable speed by adjusting the rotating speed of the stepping motor to avoid breakage of the fiber during printing.”

Four ply angles of carbon fibers, (a) 0° (b) 90° (c) 0° /90° (d) ±45°.

In using orthogonal experimental design, the authors studied influences such as:

  • Printing temperature
  • Printing speed
  • Scanning pitch
  • Ply angle

Partial printed specimens with different process parameters.

In examining issues with mechanical properties further, the researchers found that the ply angle of carbon factors was a key factor. As they varied ply angles, changes in tensile strength and modulus of the specimens resulted, showing tension along the fibers at 0 degrees, but at 90 degrees it was perpendicular, opening the potential for problems with adhesion.

The study also showed that mechanical properties were more suitable at about 200℃, with excessive printing speed affecting ‘impregnation’ of fibers and resin. The authors also noted little effect on SMPs due to changes in fiber content.

SEM of fracture cross section of specimens under different temperatures

“The rapid manufacture of shape memory carbon fiber composites has potential use in the field of aerospace,” concluded the researchers.

While researchers, engineers, designers, and users around the world still may have yet to scratch the surface of the potential of 3D printing, many are delving further into the next level with materials that are able to morph to their environments, from soft actuators to 4D printing with wood composites, to exceptional new metamaterials.

Find out more about carbon fiber and SMPs here. What do you think of this news? Let us know your thoughts! Join the discussion of this and other 3D printing topics at 3DPrintBoard.com.

Shape memory performance test with different fiber contents.

[Source / Image: ‘Study on 3D printing process of continuous carbon fiber reinforced shape memory polymer composites’]

 

Share this Article


Recent News

3D Printing on Mars: Creating Habitats with Realistic Materials

What is Metrology Part 20 – Processing



Categories

3D Design

3D Printed Art

3D Printed Food

3D Printed Guns


You May Also Like

What is Metrology Part 18 – Pixelation

This is a brief article that touches on the topic of pixelation. Pixelation is very important when it comes to color measurement as well as how the physical world interfaces with the digital world through information theory.

What is Metrology Part 17: Antialiasing

This is an article doing a deep dive into the techniques of antialiasing. In this field, there are many nuances that can be reveal to us that we are not aware of.

What is Metrology Part 16: Introductory Coding

This is a step into the world of coding and how it affects image processing. This interactive coding project helps to reinforce knowledge we have previously explored as well as new ways for us to get involved in learning more.

What is Metrology Part 15: Inverse Filtering

This is an article on the essence of Inverse Filtering. Within this image processing method there are two distinct methods to deblur images.


Shop

View our broad assortment of in house and third party products.


Print Services

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our 3DPrint.com.

You have Successfully Subscribed!