Industrial 3D printers are systems that are used for manufacturing. These systems are generally costly and offer high throughput and yield. They often require a lot of ancillary equipment, training, and space to operate. Generally most users will have desktop 3D printers while only a few will turn to industrial systems.
There is no best 3D printer. There are many different models and technologies of printers and each has their own advantages. Depending on your situation, throughput and yield several systems could work well for you. Depending on the part quality and part size one printer may be overkill while another may not be what you need. The purpose of this document is, therefore, to show you a number of options that you can consider when buying an industrial 3D printing system. The printers listed have track records that are positive and I’ve received positive comments on these systems through interviews and research. People I know have told me that these systems are worthwhile and that they would recommend them and buy (or lease) more of them should they need more capacity. This list is not exhaustive but it should be a good starting point for someone orienting themselves on a high-grade manufacturing system.
- Standalone Systems would not require HVAC or other complicated installations. These are high-grade printers for use by businesses. They may, depending on the application, require a water jet or other post finishing station.
- High-temperature printers are capable of processing materials above 400 C and can print ultra high performance polymers such as members of the PEAK family. This is an emerging category that is growing quickly. From relatively inexpensive systems ($5000-100,000) users can obtain high performance end use parts. HEPA and carbon filtration and a highly automated print process should help these machines print reliably especially with difficult to process materials such as PEEK. Ideally directed airflow or precision heating and cooling can improve print results. Medium Format 3D printers are those that are not especially high yield but can be suited to making large parts. These types of printers are best suited for outdoor advertising, large molds and such applications.
- The two categories “For the Large-Scale Manufacturing of Fine and Highly Detailed Items” and “For the Large-Scale Manufacturing of Tough End-Use Parts” may seem a bit silly but in my experience, this delineates mayor differences in use cases. If you need a B side tough part especially if it is large-sized, then FDM will probably be the technology of choice while small and detailed parts will lead you to a different system and DLP/SLA. Heads up comparisons between SLA and FDM are often quite silly for many applications.
- Standalone Systems
Stratasys F. Stratasys has a number of entry-level systems ranging from the 120 to the F170, F270 and F370. They all work well and give good reliability and repeatability for their price points. You’re going to be more limited in materials than open 3D printers but it will work all the time.
Markforged’s software is by far the best in the industry which makes running one of these or a fleet a breeze. The $69,000 Onyx lets you 3D print with continuous carbon fiber which gives parts very high stiffness and strength when compared with other systems.
Stratasys J750. The capabilities of the Stratasys J750 are unique. Colors, gradients and unique materials make this a great option for those who need high-quality color 3D prints for display in house. Material is expensive and not as tough as other materials but if looks are a key driver then these parts are killer.
3ntr A2V4. 3ntr’s systems aren’t pretty but the printers are built like a tank. Heavy-duty everything they’re monuments to over-engineering and get accolades from manufacturing people. The A2V4 is not meant for high-temperature materials but optimized for ABS and Nylon. This is a unit built for the factory floor.
The Best Systems for High-Temperature Materials
Vshaper 270. The Vshaper 270 has a good track record and is a dependable system at an affordable price. The approximately $19,000 system is comparatively easy to use with a small form factor and good performance in PEEK and PEI.
Intamsys Funmat Pro HT. The Intamsys Funmat Pro HT is a 450 x 450 x 600 mm build volume printer that packs a lot of value in its $55,000 box. You should definitely look at this system if 3D printing PEI (Ultem) is of high importance to you.
Roboze Argo. Roboze’s Argo is their production 3D printer and is a real step up in build quality and reliability. Nozzle temperatures of 550 C and a vacuum bed make this a versatile workhorse.
3DGence Industry F340. The 3DGence Industry F340 has interchangeable nozzles as well as onboard air filtration. This is a very well built $20,000 high-temperature system. The company is expanding its arsenal through selling specialized hot-ends and modules for particular applications.
Minifactory Ultra. I’m a huge fan of Minifactory and also of their Minifactory Ultra machine. The company has a 250 C build chamber and is qualifying parts for its machines. The features that they have on board are all useful on this well engineered carbon filtered, vacuum bed machine with servo motors.
AON3D M2. The AON3D M2 is a dual independent tool head system that has liquid cooling on steppers and toolheads for around $30,000.
For the Large-Scale Manufacturing of Fine and Highly Detailed Items
EnvisionTEC Perfactory. The EnvisionTEC systems have long been the standard in the manufacturing of in-the-ear hearing aids. Other versions of the same DLP systems are amongst the most productive in jewellery making millions of parts. The Perfactory is an old model but one that is tried and true with a long service life and many versions customized to particular applications.
3DSystems Pro X 950. 3D Systems Pro X 950 lets you build parts up to 150 CM long. If you need large detailed molds or have high yield requirements in parts such as hearing aids then this huge system is something you need to look at.
For the Large-Scale Manufacturing of Tough End-Use Parts
EOS Formiga P110. The Formiga P110 is a productive entry-level selective laser sintering system (powder bed fusion) with high detail, repeatability and quality. If you need several thousand of something this would be my go-to choice.
Stratasys F900. The Stratasys F900 is a highly capable FDM manufacturing system. If you need large parts then this is a venerable reliable system that can now print in PEKK.
HP 5200. The HP 5200 is gaining ground and being used to produce parts at scale now. Complete with cooling units and processing station these machines are now easy to deploy for manufacturing. Part costs on 5200 machines are much lower than with other 3D printers making this a good system to make millions of unique parts with.
You can see last years 3D printing guide here.
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