Study Examines Silver Nanoparticles as an Anti-Microbial Addition to 3D Printing Filaments for the Food Industry

Share this Article

In a thesis entitled “A Study of 3D Printed Silver-Polymer Composite Structures,” University of New Orleans student Cynthiya Shrestha discusses a material that has been seldom studied in 3D printing: polymers with silver nanoparticles incorporated in them. These materials are potentially very useful because of their antimicrobial, electrical, mechanical and optical properties. They are of special interest to the food industry, Shrestha points out, because of microbes in the polymer belts that are used to transfer and package food items, particularly meat items, in factories. If polymer belts with antimicrobial properties could be developed, it could have a major impact on the industry.

Shrestha created several mixtures of PLA and increasing concentrations of silver nanoparticles, then extruded them into filament using a Filabot filament extruder. She subjected the materials to several tests, including differential scanning calorimetry, tensile testing, and scanning electron microscopy. The silver nanoparticles increased the ductility of the 3D printed structures, due to an increase in strain at failure.

She then used the filament to 3D print several disks, onto which she dripped an E. coli solution. She also added the bacterial solution to plain PLA disks. After 24 hours, the silver composite disks showed dramatically fewer bacteria than the plain PLA disks.

“Although a linear trend or correlation has not been yet developed between the varying weight percentage of the silver and the effect on the ductility, thermal, and anti-microbial properties,” Shrestha states. “This is mainly because of the challenges in evenly distributing the silver microparticles in the PLA matrix, which can be attributed to several factors such as high viscosity of PLA, tendency of silver particles to accumulate together, and incompatibility of chloroform with other plastic container. Due to the uneven distribution during the synthesis process, a certain part of 1% silver filament might have more concentration of silver particles as compared to a certain part of 3% silver filament. Due to these uncertainties a clear conclusion cannot be drawn on the effect of a certain silver weight percentage on the enhancement of various mechanical, thermal, and anti-microbial properties.”

Future work, she continues, will be geared towards optimizing the process and obtaining more data points to draw conclusive results. Possible further work may include:

  • Increasing the level of dispersion of silver particles in the PLA matrix to minimize the clogging of the printer head
  • Further comparative study on the effect of concentration of silver particles on the ductility and the strength modulus of the 3D printed samples
  • Study of the fracture surface of the 3D printed samples better understand the causes and points of structure failure during the tensile tests
  • Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and nanowires using the Polyol method and producing the composite using the nanomaterials by following the same protocol
  • Optimization of the anti-microbial test procedure to obtain data points at several hours of plating time to better understand the growth of bacteria over time
  • Further study of the silver nanoparticles’ ability to enhance the optical and electrical properties of 3D printed structures

Shrestha’s study is very promising for not just the food industry but several others, including the medical industry. The ability to 3D print surgical tools with antimicrobial properties is always of interest, and silver is a material that, as Shrestha points out, has not been very thoroughly studied in 3D printing, particularly when mixed with polymers. While still in the preliminary stages, her study could potentially have an impact on the creation of new 3D printing materials with highly useful properties.

Discuss this and other 3D printing topics at 3DPrintBoard.com or share your thoughts below.

 

 

 

Share this Article


Recent News

BASF Stainless Steel Filament Now Qualified for MakerBot METHOD 3D Printers

Stratasys Origin One Used to 3D Print Head Lice Treatment Devices



Categories

3D Design

3D Printed Art

3D Printed Food

3D Printed Guns


You May Also Like

Micro 3D Printing Startup BMF Announces Partnership with Materialise

Materialise (Nasdaq: MTLS) has long been developing build processors and software for systems in the 3D printing industry, ranging from desktop extrusion 3D printers to industrial scale machines. Now, Materialise...

Stratasys Announces First Carbon Fiber 3D Printing Filament for F123

Stratasys has introduced a new carbon fiber material for fused deposition modeling (FDM). While the company has had a carbon fiber filament available on their industrial printers for several years,...

Featured

Stratasys Doubles Down on SLA, Buys Industrial SLA 3D Printer Maker RPS

Not long after completing its acquisition of Origin last month, Stratasys (NASDAQ: SSYS) announced that it has acquired U.K.-based industrial stereolithography (SLA) printer and solutions provider RP Support Ltd. (RPS)....

Featured

Custom-Fit 3D Printed Earphone Design Developed by Formlabs and Sennheiser AMBEO

Formlabs Factory Solutions are 3D printing solutions specifically tailored to businesses looking to build scalable manufacturing solutions, and include feasibility studies, consulting services, production workflow optimization, and manufacturing infrastructures based...


Shop

View our broad assortment of in house and third party products.