The job commonly known as ‘rag picking’ or ‘waste picking’ has been around for as long as humans have been discarding things. The waste pickers perform an important function by sorting through the refuse and pulling out anything that can be reused – the last word in recycling. There are people all over the world participating in this activity as a way of earning a living, mostly in developing countries but also to a lesser degree in post-industrial countries.
In India, the legions of rag pickers are the source of one of the country’s few green credentials, its high recycling rate. It’s hard to know exactly how many people use rag picking as a way of earning a living. In Delhi alone, it is estimated that there are more than 300,000 waste pickers earning between 100 – 150 rupees for a day’s work. As a result of their intensive recycling efforts, the city saves approximately 600,000 rupees per day in waste disposal costs.
There are, however, an increasing number of initiatives that are diminishing the availability of trash to the waste pickers. These range from city governments beginning to privately contract waste management companies for trash removal, to the completion of trash incineration facilities that reduce all of the waste to ash. These initiatives are generally tied to efforts to clean up India’s cities, largely to help improve its public image.
MIT graduate Sidhant Pai, however, is involved in his own plans to deal with India’s trash. Pai is the founder of the startup Protoprint, a social enterprise in Pune, India. Through Protoprint, waste pickers in India are being given access to the technology necessary to turn the waste plastics they collect into 3D printer filament. The filament produced is marketed globally as a recycled alternative to virgin filament, at a competitive price. Protoprint partnered with SWaCH (a local waste picker co-operative) in 2011.
On their website, Pai described their process for empowering the waste pickers:
“There are over 2 million waste pickers in India that spend their days trawling through garbage, separating plastic waste from organic waste. Unfortunately, they earn very little for the important work that they do. We partner with waste picker cooperatives and set up filament labs at dumpsites to process the plastic waste. At these sites, we train waste pickers to use low cost technology to scan, clean, shred, and extrude the plastic into 3D printer filament.”
The lab where the waste pickers bring their HDPE plastics is equipped with a ‘FlakerBot’ for shredding plastic and a ‘RefilBot’ for converting the shredded plastic into filament.
Creating filament from waste plastics is more complex than it might initially seem. Different 3D printers use filament with differing chemical compositions, and a variety of sizes. The next phase in Protoprint’s development will be to work on the standardization of sizes and qualities of filament, in order to create a greater compatibility between printers and the Protoprint filament.
As a result of this partnership, waste pickers are able to earn, on average 15 times more than they would for raw plastic material in the same amount. This effort by Protoprint is one of a number of efforts to introduce sustainable practices to 3D printing and to show that advanced technology and green initiatives are not at odds with each other.
Discuss this amazing initiative in the ProtoPrint forum thread on 3DPB.com
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