Brazilian researchers seek an environmentally friendly method not only for 3D printing but to put discarded plastic to use in dosimetry, a method for measuring radiation therapy. Outlining their findings in the recently published ‘Reuse of 3D printed materials for dosimetry purposes,’ the authors focus on ABS and PLA.
While a huge variety of materials are now available on the market, ABS and PLA still prevail due to their accessibility and affordability. 3D models can be easily created and while they are helpful in the medical field for everything from educating patients to being used for diagnosing, treating, and surgical planning, they can also be used as phantoms for ionizing radiation dosimetry.
While there is a need for characterization of 3D printed samples, the researchers considered the true feasibility of recycling plastic filament for use in dosimetry. In this study, the team attempted to re-use transparent PLA and black ABS.
The researchers printed two samples with recycled PLA and ABS materials for experimentation, measuring 7cm in diameter and 9mm in thickness. The images were analyzed in a CT scanner, targeting one area of interest and measuring Hounsfield units (HU).
Overall, the team reported PLA as the winner in terms of offering ‘better performance’ due to homogeneity; even so, ABS performed fairly well despite a make up of petroleum. Heading into the experimental phase with materials, the research team had expectations that there would be problems with the ABS materials; however, the team reported ‘satisfactory’ results.
“After the readings with the ionization chamber, correction factors were applied, in order to obtain the Kerma values to evaluate the materials,” explained the team.
Ultimately, the researchers came to the conclusion that the variations found in the samples could have been a consequence of material density that resulted from the recycling process. There were numerous questions surrounding the use of typical parameters, as well as how they cause different reactions due to the differences in the material once it has been recycled.
“Different printing parameters may be applied during prototype acquisition, which influence the amount of material deposited on each printed layer and, depending on the type of printer used and the print setting, these layers may have air holes between them,” concluded the researchers the end of their study.
“Although high quality printing parameters were chosen in this paper, the results for the samples point to a difference between the densities of recycled and printed PLA/ABS samples. For more inclusive analysis, studies can be performed with samples from different printers to define the best print resolution to compare with samples of fused materials.”
What do you think of this news? Let us know your thoughts! Join the discussion of this and other 3D printing topics at 3DPrintBoard.com.[Source / Images: ‘Reuse of 3D printed materials for dosimetry purposes’]
Subscribe to Our Email Newsletter
Stay up-to-date on all the latest news from the 3D printing industry and recieve information and offers from thrid party vendors.
You May Also Like
Grand Opening: AddUp Solution Center Offers LPBF & DED Metal 3D Printing
Global metal additive manufacturing OEM AddUp Solutions was established as a joint venture by French companies Michelin and fives back in 2015. The company’s main technology is laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) technology, but...
“World’s Most Efficient” A/C System to Be Built with 3D Printing
Hyperganic, a German developer of AI-based engineering software, has announced a new project aiming to create the world’s most efficient residential A/C system. The company is partnering with Strata Manufacturing,...
Online 3D Printing Service Sculpteo Announces New CEO
Sculpteo, BASF’s French 3D printing service, announced that the company’s new CEO is industrial designer Alexandre d’Orsetti. Promoted from in-house, d’Orsetti was previously the head of Sulpteo’s design studio for...
On the Ground at Velo3D’s New European Tech Center for Metal 3D Printing
Today, Velo3D (NYSE: VLD) opened a European Technical Center in Augsburg, Germany. The U.S. company has crossed over to Europe, where it can better educate and showcase its capabilities to...