AMS Spring 2023

China’s Belt and 3D Printed Road: Moving up in the World

6K SmarTech

Share this Article

If we look at the way that China advances technologically then we can define a few trends and generally look at how it is occurring. On the whole China is driven to become independent and rely solely on its own resources, people, competencies, research, and institutions for further economic growth and development. If China can do this at a fast enough pace and with sufficient independence it can be the master of its own future and usher in an era of permanent stability and wealth. If it fails it could face upheaval and even collapse. So how do you, on the back of an economic miracle, assure that your own future is in your own hands? Generally, you develop clusters, some of which will go on to lead the world in ever more demanding manufacturing and knowledge products. On the whole, this is a—super-simplified—view of how this happens.

Shanghai 2020. Image Joris Peels.

The country identifies long-term strategic goals. Committees aided by scientists and experts identify long-term goals, technologies, and roadblocks that, if mastered, can help the country to become more independent. In essence, the country is on a path to return to technological supremacy as it was during the age of Emperor Qianlong in 1793. Only difference being of course that China’s own invention—gunpowder—had been militarized by warring European states, and centuries of conflict gave these states technological advantages over China in ships, training, small arms, cannon, and generally military. China is unlikely to make that mistake the second time around.

The country then staggers five-year plans along with many other strategic plans. Layers of long-term plans are combined to provide the scientists some years to research the areas that subsequently have to be commercialized. First the focus is on inexpensive things, then the company will develop competencies, training, learning, people, and procedures to surmount this obstacle and increase its capabilities.

Shenzhen. Dietertimerman.

Individual leaders then can localize plans, reinterpret them, or implement them (more or less in concert). When the time is right to implement a particular phase, leaders can determine precisely how, where, or by whom, giving them influence on the who but not necessarily what is to be done.

Local clusters will be activated. Particular regions, cities, blocks, governmental organizations, or SOEs will, in concert, develop a particular industry or competence.

Research and commercialization will occur at high speed. In one or sometimes many areas, technologies will be commercialized conjunctively and with fierce competition. Each region, city and neighborhood is in effect fighting to stay and become relevant. Regions, staff, and areas can assure their own political relevance, their own relationship-driven relevance, a future tax basis, growth, jobs, and advancement through conforming to a particular plan or achieving a goal, often in direct competition to other influence networks, regions, or parts of the economy.

Money will be pumped in to make a region or company a national champion. City financing and aid may boost growth in that sector locally, leading to provincial finance, approval, and favoritism. This will lead to more banks, financing, and stimulus in the broadest sense. At this stage, the technology is often just China only, so no IP is generated or it is even appropriated.

Shanghai Skyline. lwtt33.

Foreign expertise is sought. Foreign managers, joint venture partners, employees, research partners, validation, exposure, best practices, knowledge, IP, and experience are actively sought. Once this has made the product more competitive, more financing will lead to national champions.

National competence is developed. All of the key inputs, machines, machine tools, processes, materials, knowledge, and competencies will be developed by firms or regions so that they are globally near competitive.

Factories. tong-der-miauw.

Internationalization is the last stage. When the product is sufficiently competitive, more financing and a national push will hopefully translate into continued national success. If internationalization and export has been based on no-name companies that have limited power in the value chain, then a further push towards a next generation of firms with more market power will be undertaken.

Developed prowess is reused to go to the next stage. Whether the firms, markets, regions, or effort overall is successful or not, the learned lessons and increased competence is then used to get to the next stage in development.

In so doing, Chinese policies and strong internal competition together work towards the country developing ever more complex and technologically advanced products. By investing in strong clusters and the important pain points keeping technologies from becoming successful, China assures its own future and stability.

You can read the first article in this series here. You can read the second article in this series here.

Share this Article


Recent News

Desktop Metal Receives $9M 3D Printer Order from German Car Maker

3D Printing News Unpeeled: 3D Printing MEMS, Desktop Metal gets a $9 Million Order



Categories

3D Design

3D Printed Art

3D Printed Food

3D Printed Guns


You May Also Like

3D Printing News Unpeeled: Warhammer, AVIC and Pearson Lloyd

Today we look deeper in to Warhammer 40K and other table top games. Why is 3D printing being used for these games and why has it not spread? How come...

3D Printing Webinar and Event Roundup: November 27, 2022

Coming off of Thanksgiving in the U.S., we’re still at low mass when it comes to 3D printing webinars and events, but there are still a few offerings this week,...

3D Printing News Unpeeled: Wipro Launches a 3D Printer, Liux Wants to Make more Sustainable Cars

Indian technology and outsourcing giant Wipro has launched its very own FDM 3D printer. Liux is a Spanish startup that wishes to make a much more sustainable car while Meld...

3D Printing News Unpeeled: NASA Recycles Packaging and Wants 3D Printed Shuttle Tiles

NASA has given an SBIR award to Gigabot to develop an in space packaging reycling and printing system. Meanwhile Canopy gets another award to make a binder jet production technology...