AMS Spring 2023

3D Printed Low Cost Amniotic Band Prosthetics Conform to the Body, Equipped with Electronic Sensors

6K SmarTech

Share this Article

The stories we have followed regarding 3D printed prosthetics over the years have been amazing, not only due to the incredible innovations we see coming forth from desktop 3D printers, but also because they change people’s lives. And the momentum just keeps going too, with prosthetics becoming more elaborate, functional, and accompanied by electronics. Now, even more intricate interfaces are being integrated into prosthetics as Blake Johnson, assistant professor in industrial and systems engineering at Virginia Tech, works with his undergraduate researchers to increase their functionality.

The team is installing electronic sensors in prosthetics, placing them directly at the device and the tissue of the wearer. This allows them to compile data about the prosthetics in terms of well they function and how comfortable the person wearing them continues to be. These prosthetics are useful also because they are ‘conformal 3D prints,’ meaning that they conform to the body, created with a curved surface.

Yuxin Tong was the head author of the paper published about this research study, ‘Low-cost sensor-integrated 3D-printed personalized prosthetic hands for children with amniotic band syndrome: A case study in sensing pressure distribution on an anatomical human-machine interface (AHMI) using 3D-printed conformal electrode arrays.’ The authors focused on the need for anatomically conformal systems like wearables and human-machine interfaces (HMIs). For this work, they 3D printed prosthetic hands for children born with a common birth defect called amniotic band syndrome (where bands from the amniotic sac break off and wrap tightly around other parts of the body while the baby is still in the womb).

“Hopefully, every parent could follow the description from the paper we published and develop a low-cost personalized prosthetic hand for his or her child,” Tong said, who goes on to state that he hopes these types of studies and engineering projects will reach as many individuals in need as possible.

The researchers created the prosthetics by converting a 3D scan into a 3D printing file for the device, featuring a form-fitting cavity.

The mold of local teen Josie Fraticelli’s hand that was scanned during the development of a personalized prosthetic. (Photo credit: Logan Wallace, Virginia Tech)

“Personalizing and modifying the properties and functionalities of wearable system interfaces using 3D scanning and 3D printing opens the door to the design and manufacture of new technologies for human assistance and health care as well as examining fundamental questions associated with the function and comfort of wearable systems,” said Professor Blake Johnson, who was inspired by a colleague’s daughter, born with amniotic band syndrome.

At the time of the project, Josie Fraticelli was 12, and still experiencing disability in her right hand as development (while she was still a fetus) stopped right where the knuckles begin. Johnson and the designers kept tweaking the prosthetic hand, and as one thing led to another, the device’s design was refined over and over—helping them with their research too. The researchers were able to figure out the best spot for placing the sensing electrode arrays for evaluating pressure distribution.

a) Photograph of the participant’s limb malformation associated with amniotic band syndrome. Photographs of the hand cast from dorsal (b) and palmar perspectives (c). d) Photograph of the hand cast during 3D scanning showing the interaction between a representative structured-light pattern and the object. e) Point cloud data from a single scan highlighting the 3D scanning process. Assembled digital models of the participant’s hand geometry shown from dorsal (f) and palmar (g) perspectives.

“The mismatch between the soft skin and the rigid interface is still a problem that will reduce the conformity,” said Tong. “The sensing electrode arrays may open another new area to improve the prosthetics design from the perspective of distributing a better balance of pressure.”

For individuals wearing prosthetics around the world, a lot has changed in terms of customizations, affordability, and accessibility. This is due in great measure to people who really care, along with designers and engineers who have put many thoughtful hours into creating new ways to produce prosthetics for amputees of all ages, including children in India, veterans overseas, and even dogs.

What do you think of this news? Let us know your thoughts! Join the discussion of this and other 3D printing topics at

3D scanning and 3D printing create a flexible computer-aided manufacturing platform for design and rapid prototyping of personalized wearable systems with a focus on the creation of low-cost personalized prosthetic hands with sensor-integrated anatomical human-machine interfaces (AHMIs) for children with amniotic band syndrome

[Source / Images: ScienceDaily; ‘Low-cost sensor-integrated 3D-printed personalized prosthetic hands for children with amniotic band syndrome: A case study in sensing pressure distribution on an anatomical human-machine interface (AHMI) using 3D-printed conformal electrode arrays.’ ]


Share this Article

Recent News

3DPOD Episode 132: Metal Slurry SLA with Arian Aghababaie, Co-Founder and President, Holo AM

Lithoz Premieres Improved Ceramic for 3D Printed Bone Replacements


3D Design

3D Printed Art

3D Printed Food

3D Printed Guns

You May Also Like

3D Printing News Unpeeled: India and 3D Printing, Table top games and Lithoz

Lithoz releases a better hydroxyapetite material for its LCM process, LithaBone HA 480. The firm says that it enables thicker wall thicknesses (up to 10mm), better depth of cure, better...

Ossiform Raises $6.7M for 3D Printed Bone Implants

Driven by the slogan “we print bone,” startup Ossiform is on the way to FDA clearance for its patient-specific bone scaffold and bone printing technology. Now, it has more cash,...

New Acquisition Gives Lithoz Three Ceramics 3D Printing Technologies

Austria’s Lithoz is adding to its ceramic 3D printing portfolio though the acquisition of CerAMing, a German startup that has pioneered a process it calls layer-wise slurry disposition (LSD). The...


3D Printed Breast & Chest Implants Enter Clinical Trials

Medtech company BellaSeno GmbH, headquartered in Leipzig, Germany, with its BellaSeno Pty subsidiary in Brisbane, Australia, specializes in the development of resorbable soft tissue and bone reconstruction implants, made with...